Sichuan is renowned for calling as ‘the province of abundance’ and is one of the largest provinces and located in China’s southwest. This state is well-thought-out as the most imperative province of western China, interim as an economic corridor that connects the hinterland of south-western China to south and central Asia. Sichuan covers an area of 485,000 square kilometers, similar in size to Spain. With a population of over 80 million inhabitants, Sichuan is China’s third most populated province. The province is divided into 21 prefecture-level and 183 county-level divisions. Sichuan is the economic powerhouse of western China. Its GDP growth has been continuous, despite suffering an earthquake in 2008. Now to escalate the development in west China, the Chinese government launched the ‘Western Development Program,’ also known as the ‘Go West’ policy in 2000. The Chinese state has endowed heavily in the enlargement of infrastructure, increasing incentives to invest in the region, the development and up-gradation of education, and ecological protection. Over the years, Sichuan has significantly benefited from this program.
Sichuan has the biggest consumer market in western China, with its annual per capita disposal income of urban households at RMB 26,205 in 2015. Sichuan has many attractions and is particularly famous for the giant panda and the Jiuzhaigou Valley. Chengdu is a historical and cultural city that is home to the Memorial Temple of Zhuge Liang, Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Sanxingdui Museum, and the Kuanzhai Alley. Jiuzhaigou is renowned as a national geopark because of its geological relics, calcified pools, flows, and waterfall, as well as forest resources.
The serrated Jiuzhaigou valley extends to a height of more than 4,800 m, comprising a series of diverse forest ecosystems. It includes old-growth forests which provide essential habitat for numerous threatened species of plants and animals. Approximately 2,500 plant species are comprising more than 200 aquatic species. Excellent habitat is available for the 140 bird species recorded, 13 of which are listed as endangered. Also protected are 170 vertebrate species and ten mammals, including the endangered giant panda and golden snub-nosed monkey, and the vulnerable Sichuan.
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