Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau lies with an average altitude of more than 4000 m above sea level is the highest and the most extensive plateau in the world (Liu and Chen, 2000) and is famous for being named as “roof of the world.”
Roughly the size of Chile, Qinghai has a total area of 721,000 km2 and is bordered in the west by Tibet and Xinjiang, in the south by Sichuan and in the northeast by Gansu. Titled after Qinghai Lake, the largest lake in China, Qinghai is one of the slightest settled provinces in China, giving it an isolated, wilder feel that is so uncharacteristic of the rest of China. Historically part of ancient Tibet, the boundaries of Qinghai today roughly match those of the ancient Tibetan province of Amdo. Qinghai legally became a Chinese province in 1928 when it was torn apart from Gansu province. For the duration of the Republican era, Qinghai was reined almost solely by the Muslim Ma clan.
As the biggest saltwater lake in China, located in the northeast of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Qinghai Lake plays a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance between the east zone dominated by typical monsoon and alpine desert-grassland region mainly controlled by the cold and arid climate. The eastern shore is the most extensive sandy land around the Qinghai Lake and the primary distribution of the mega-dunes on the alluvial plain of Riyue Mountains. Regarding the source and formation of mega-dunes, there have been two viewpoints. One was that sediment exposure in cold period when the Qinghai Lake was smaller in Holocene, then accumulated on the eastern shore.
It is one of the four main areas of animal husbandry in China. The study of the destruction and protection of moor in the region is essential for the protection of the eco-environment of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and the assessment of global environmental change. There is evidence that the degradation of the grassland has become increasingly dangerous with the developing animal husbandry during recent years, but further investigations are required.
Another important fact about this province is Magontec Qinghai, which is the world’s greenest magnesium alloy producer and located close to the City of Golmud in Qinghai Province PRC at 2,800 meters above sea level.
Maximum Temprature: -13.83 C
Clouds: scattered clouds
sunrise: 2019-11-15 00:09:43
sunset: 2019-11-15 10:28:11