Chichén Itzá is a dazzling complex of structures and the main center of Maya civilization in Central America. The ancient city and the most sacred place of worship for their empire includes temples, stepped pyramids, and columns dating from A.D. 700 to 1200. The extraordinary position of all the stone structures on the site tells a story about the incredible vision of Maya and Toltec civilizations.
The most glorious structure at Chichén Itzá is the Temple of Kukulkan that counts 365 steps, signifying the days of the year. Each side of the temple has 91 steps, and together with the top one, they make 365. Maya knowledge of universe and astronomy was at such an advanced level, that modern science still tries to decode.
One of the most incredible facts about the temple and its 365 steps (days) is that it was an actual calendar that they were using to count the time between spring and autumn equinox. During these two equinoxes, the shadow of the sun falls on the pyramid in the shape of a snake. As days go by, the serpent keeps moving down the steps until it reaches the stone snake head at the bottom of the steps.
A religious and ceremonial spot, a sophisticated observatory, and a priceless world heritage, Chichén Itzá is now one of the most visited places in Mexico. It is near Piste (a small town) that can be reached by bus from both Cancun and Mérida airports. The complex is open for visitors during day time, and spring and autumn equinoxes are most crowded.
If you ever plan on visiting, make sure to stay in the Chichén Itzá area and go to the site early in the morning before the tour buses start arriving. Prepare for a walk among the stunning ruins, and if lucky enough, you might see the shadowy serpent.
Maximum Temprature: 23.15 C
Clouds: moderate rain
sunrise: 2019-11-14 12:03:34
sunset: 2019-11-14 23:14:01