The Karavanke Mountains are the natural and official border between central and Western Europe, Slovenia, Austria and Italy. Their position has a great effect on Slovenia's climate ‐ hence the soft south Slovene side in comparison to the harsh northern side in Austria. At this point you can also find a great quantity of alpine fauna and flora, with over 1200 different plant species, as well as having wonderful views into two contrasting countries. We aim for Golica (1835m), part of the longest ridge in Slovenia (120km) and one of the least travelled trails in the area.
Merely the summits of Karawanks Mountains are assembled of Triassic limestones (and partially dolomites). These are superimposed on older paleozoic rocks. The latter are in the very western culmination end of Karawanks, founding also the rounded summits (Pec), similarly as in the nearby (across Ziljica river) Eastern Carnic Alps. More towards the east Paleozoic rocks can be found only in the valleys and geological faults. The Karawanks have its place to Southern Limestone chain of European Alps. They are analogous to Carnic Alps, Julian Alps or Kamnik Alps, even though they are a bit lower, so many of their important peaks are grassy on southern side and rocky only on northern side.
The whole range stretches about 120 kilometers in the west-east direction. They begin on Megvarje vrata / Maglern Thoerl on the west and finish with forehills around Slovenj Gradec town. The trail meanders its way through the forest anywhere we arrive at our rest stop and enjoy the view. Lipovceva Hut has a lovely setting and is known for its open natural kitchen and delicious home‐made mountain soups and juices, made from pine, elderflower and berrie.
Experienced hikers will enjoy conquering Mt. Stol, the highest peak in the Karavanke range. All the way from Kranjska Gora on the west towards Boc on the east, you can see rock structures thrusted from the north (so, having short, steep southern walls). Those hills are by origin of course much older, from Devonian to older Triassic era. On the south, the Karawanks are to some degree of the Sava fault. Supplementary to the east, the Southern Karawanks are narrowly associated to the Kamnik-Savinja Alps, an additional Southern Alps group, which is on the other hand even a bit younger by origin and also geologically more homogeneous.
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